About Buryatia

Buryatia is the subject of the Russian Federation and is a member of the Siberian Federal District. Administrative and economic and cultural center of the country is the city of Ulan-Ude.

Distance by train from Ulan-Ude to Moscow - 5519 km, and to the Pacific Ocean - 3500 km. Square of the Republic of Buryatia is 351.3 km2. Buryatia is located in the southern part of Eastern Siberia, to the south and east of Lake Baikal. In the south, bordering the Republic of Buryatia and Mongolia, in the southwest - the Republic of Tuva, in the north-west - with the Irkutsk region, in the east - the Chita region.

In the republic are 23 municipalities, six cities, 29 towns, and 615 villages. The number of the constant population on January 1, 2004 amounted to 974.3 thousand., The average population density - 3.0 persons. per 1 square. km. The urban population is about 60% of the total population, rural - 40%, in the capital, home to about a third of the population. The indigenous population of the republic - Buryats, Evenki and Soyots. National composition of the Republic, according to the census of 1989, was as follows: Russian - 70%, the Buryats - 24%, Ukrainians - 2.2%, other - 3.8%.

Climate Buryatia - is continental with cold winters and hot summers. Winters are cold, with a dry cold and little snow. Spring is windy, with frosts and almost no rain. Summer is short, with hot days and cool nights, with heavy rains in July and August. Autumn comes slowly, no sudden change in the weather, some years it is a long and warm. The average summer temperature is 18.5 0 C, -22 0 C in winter, and the average temperature of -1.6 0C. Per year on average 244 mm of precipitation falls.

In Buryatia is a large part (about 60% of the coastline) of Lake Baikal - the deepest freshwater lake in the world. Length of Lake Baikal - 636 km, width - from 25 to 79 km. The total length of the coastline of 2100 km of Baikal, and the water area - 31.5 thousand m2. Maximum depth - 1637 m, average - 730 m Baikal is a natural reservoir of a fifth of the world's fresh water of the highest quality. The lake is home to 2500 different species of animals and fish, 250 of which are endemic.

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